Bes1 brassinosteroid

To study the function of AtMYB30 in the BR pathway, we first determined its expression pattern using the GUS reporter gene fused to the AtMYB30 promoter fragment. Consistent with our previous quantitative PCR analysis ( Figure 1a ), AtMYB30 is strongly expressed in dark-grown seedlings ( Figure 1c ). In light-grown seedlings, AtMYB30 was expressed strongly in roots, cotyledons and hypocotyls, and relatively weakly in leaves ( Figure 1d,e ). The strong expression of AtMYB30 in young seedlings and lack of detectable expression in adult plants ( Daniel et al. , 1999 ) suggest that the gene plays an important role during early stages of plant development. It is worth noting that BES1 is ubiquitously expressed throughout entire seedlings, overlapping with the AtMYB30 expression regions ( Yin et al. , 2002 ).

Brassinosteroids (BRs) are important regulators for plant growth and development. BRs signal to control the activities of the BES1 and BZR1 family transcription factors. The transcriptional network through which BES1 and BZR regulate large number of target genes is mostly unknown. By combining chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with Arabidopsis tiling arrays (ChIP-chip) and gene expression studies, we have identified 1609 putative BES1 target genes, 404 of which are regulated by BRs and/or in gain-of-function bes1-D mutant. BES1 targets contribute to BR responses and interactions with other hormonal or light signaling pathways. Computational modeling of gene expression data using Algorithm for the Reconstruction of Accurate Cellular Networks (ARACNe) reveals that BES1-targeted transcriptional factors form a gene regulatory network (GRN). Mutants of many genes in the network displayed defects in BR responses. Moreover, we found that BES1 functions to inhibit chloroplast development by repressing the expression of GLK1 and GLK2 transcription factors, confirming a hypothesis generated from the GRN. Our results thus provide a global view of BR regulated gene expression and a GRN that guides future studies in understanding BR-regulated plant growth.

Bes1 brassinosteroid

bes1 brassinosteroid

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