(2) A joint criminal enterprise exists where two or more persons reach an understanding or arrangement amounting to an agreement between them that they will commit a crime. The understanding or arrangement need not be express, and its existence may be inferred from all the circumstances. It need not have been reached at any time before the crime is committed. The circumstances in which two or more persons are participating together in the commission of a particular crime may themselves establish an unspoken understanding or arrangement amounting to an agreement formed between them then and there to commit that crime.
The next year, Bonds's offensive production reached even higher levels, breaking not only his own personal records but several major league records. In the Giants' first 50 games in 2001, he hit 28 home runs, including 17 in May—a career high.  This early stretch included his 500th home run hit on April 17 against Terry Adams of the Los Angeles Dodgers .   He also hit 39 home runs by the All-star break (a major league record), drew a major league record 177 walks, and had a .515 on-base average, a feat not seen since Mickey Mantle and Ted Williams over forty years earlier. Bonds's slugging percentage was a major league record .863  (411 total bases in 476 at-bats), and, most impressively, he ended the season with a major league record 73 home runs. 
But from whom? John Roethlisberger, a three-time Olympian, didn’t say. The name “Martha Karolyi,” which has been mainstay of NBC broadcasts for the past 16 years— What’s Martha thinking? Will Martha put her on the team —was mentioned just once during the two hour event. The Karolyis and USA Gymnastics have spent the year since the Olympic Games in Rio fighting lawsuits connected to the national team training camps held at the Karolyi Ranch, where former team physician Larry Nassar allegedly sexually abused gymnasts. Many have alleged that the emotionally abusive environment created by the former Romanian coaches enabled Nassar to sexually assault gymnasts for years before being stopped.